Below you will find a list of Canadian Investor FAQs, Should you require more information, please contact us
How do I purchase units of BMG Funds?
BMG BullionFund Class A CAD: BMG100 (A-FE), BMG104 (A-LL) BMG BullionFund Class A US: BMG101 (A-FE). BMG105 (A-LL) BMG BullionFund Class F CAD: BMG600 BMG BullionFund Class F US: BMG601 BMG BullionFund Class D CAD: BMG130
BMG Gold BullionFund Class A CAD: BMG200 (A-FE), BMG204 (A-LL) BMG Gold BullionFund Class A US: BMG201 (A-FE). BMG205 (A-LL) BMG Gold BullionFund Class F CAD: BMG202 BMG Gold BullionFund Class F US: BMG203 BMG Gold BullionFund Class D CAD: BMG230
BMG Silver BullionFund Class A CAD: BMG400 (A-FE), BMG404 (A-LL) BMG Silver BullionFund Class A USD: BMG401 (A-FE), BMG405 (A-11) BMG Silver BullionFund Class F CAD: BMG402 BMG Silver BullionFund Class F USD: BMG403 BMG Silver BullionFund Class D: BMG430
If your financial advisor is not registered to sell BMG Funds, please have them contact client services toll-free at 1 866.241.6484 with their dealer rep code.
Can I purchase units of BMG Funds without a broker or financial advisor?
Units of BMG BullionFund,BMG Gold BullionFund and BMG Silver BullionFund can be purchased through a properly licensed mutual fund dealer, securities dealer, or discount broker. Accredited Investors can purchase Class E units of BMG Funds directly through subscription to Bullion Marketing Services Inc., or through other exempt market dealers. BMG also offers Class D units of BMG Funds through Discount Brokerage platforms for the “do-it-yourself” investors. The investor does not receive investment or financial advice. BMG’s Class D units have a total management fee of 1.50% that includes a trailer fee of 0.25% for the discount brokerage firm to compensate them for proving the service. No sales charges apply when you buy or sell Class D units of the BMG Funds. Instead, you may have to pay a fee directly to the discount broker.
Investors in Class D units enjoy lower management fees with the benefit of making their own investment decisions. There are no additional fees to switch to Class D from any other class of the same BMG Fund.
Please contact us at firstname.lastname@example.org or 1.888.474.1001 for further information.
What is the minimum I can invest in BMG Funds?
The minimum purchase for either BMG BullionFund, BMG Gold BullionFund or BMG Silver BullionFund is $1,000.
What are the fees associated with investing in BMG BullionFund, BMG Gold BullionFund or BMG Silver BullionFund?
The fees vary. Please contact your financial advisor for more details. A BMG representative will be happy to recommend an advisor with in-depth knowledge of the precious metals markets. Contact us for more information.
Where can I obtain performance information?
BMG BullionFund, BMG Gold BullionFund and BMG Silver BullionFund are tracked by Cannex, Bloomberg, Globefund, Morningstar Canada, and Fundata Canada. You can also obtain the unit values on our website: BMG Funds in Canadian and US dollars, along with actual ounces held of the three metals, and other statistics. Please note that neither BMG Fund is valued on Canadian or UK holidays.
How much time does it take to liquidate units?
Units of BMG BullionFund, BMG Gold BullionFund and BMG Silver BullionFund can be liquidated on any regular business day. Under normal circumstances, settlement takes three days.
Do BMG Funds qualify for RRSPs and other registered plans?
BMG BullionFund,BMG Gold BullionFund and BMG Silver BullionFund are eligible for all Canadian registered plans..
BMG Funds currently qualify as mutual fund trusts. Based on the current holdings of the Funds and their investment policies, they will retain their status as mutual fund trusts for purposes of the Income Tax Act (Canada) even if a majority of their units is owned by non-residents of Canada. The fact that non-residents may invest in BMG Funds will have no adverse tax consequences under the Income Tax Act (Canada) to an individual resident in Canada who holds units of a class of BMG Funds, or to a registered plan such as an RRSP, RRIF, DPSP, TFSA, RESP or RDSP.
How do I transfer my RRSP into BMG Funds?
If you do not already have a self-directed RRSP, you can set up an RRSP with Bullion Management Services Inc. (BMS). Your broker or financial advisor can assist you with the paperwork. Once established, you can transfer funds from your existing RRSP to your RRSP with BMS, and your financial representative can purchase units of BMG BullionFund,or BMG Gold BullionFund and/or BMG Silver BullionFund for your RRSP.
BMG Funds offer RRSPs (including Locked-in RSPs and LIRAs), and RRIFs (including Life Income Funds), Prescribed Retirement Income Funds, Locked-in Retirement Income Funds and Tax-Free Savings Accounts.
The trustee of our registered plans is The Royal Trust Company. There is no charge to the investor for the annual trustee fee.
How do BMG Funds disburse the funds they receive from investors?
BMG BullionFund uses at least 95 percent of the proceeds it receives from investors to purchase equal dollar amounts of gold, silver and platinum bullion. BMG Gold BullionFund uses at least 95 percent of the proceeds it receives from investors to purchase gold bullion. BMG Silver BullionFund uses at least 95 percent of the proceeds it receives from investors to purchase silver bullion. All BMG Funds purchase bullion at the prevailing spot price each day the market is open. Neither Fund invests in futures contracts, futures options, precious metals certificates, or mining company shares.
Why does BMG BullionFund hold all three metals instead of just gold?
By including all three metals in BMG BullionFund, it increases portfolio diversification and long-term rates of return should be enhanced. For investors who want an exposure to gold alone, we offer BMG Gold BullionFund.
Do BMG Funds invest in certificates or bullion derivatives?
Neither the BMG BullionFund,BMG Gold BullionFund or BMG Silver BullionFund use derivatives or invest in securities or certificates of companies that produce gold, silver or platinum bullion. BMG Funds do not invest in pooled accounts, futures contracts, futures options or precious metals certificates.
What happens if gold, silver or platinum bullion is not available to match subscription proceeds for BMG BullionFund?
If a particular precious metal is not available, BMG BullionFund will purchase those precious metals that are available on an equal basis, and the Fund’s exposure to all three precious metals will be adjusted as soon as possible.
Why were BMG BullionFund, BMG Gold BullionFund and BMG Silver BullionFund structured as open-end mutual fund trusts?
The intention was to create investment vehicles that preserve all the benefits of holding precious metals in bullion form. As open-end funds, there is no limit to the amount of assets BMG Funds can acquire. As more units are subscribed for, equal dollar amounts of gold, silver, and platinum bullion are purchased by BMG BullionFund, gold is purchased by BMG Gold BullionFund and silver is purchased by BMG Silver BullionFund. As open-end mutual fund trusts, the Funds are always valued daily at their Net Asset Value (NAV), and can never trade at a premium or discount. Units in the Funds are purchased or redeemed at NAV rather than traded between investors. As such, the liquidity of the Funds is that of the global bullion markets themselves, rather than the daily trading volume of a particular Fund, as is the case with closed-end funds. Because of the high degree of liquidity in precious metals, there is little risk of either Fund losing value if there is an excess of redemptions, or any risk of suspension of redemptions. Precious metals trade 24 hours a day on every regular business day around the world, and have the same liquidity as major currencies.
Do BMG BullionFund, BMG Gold BullionFund or BMG Silver BullionFund lease or lend their holdings?
BMG Funds never leases, lends or borrows gold, silver or platinum at any time. No options, certificates, derivatives, or futures contracts are used in either Fund.
Do BMG Funds hedge the Canadian dollar?
BMG BullionFund,BMG Gold BullionFund and BMG Silver BullionFund do not compromise the three fundamental attributes of bullion: liquidity, no counterparty risk and independent of management skills. As such, we do not hedge the Canadian dollar, or any currency, at any time, and options, certificates, derivatives, and futures contracts are never used in either Fund. Download The Fundamental Attributes of Gold, Silver and Platinum Bullion to learn more.
What's the difference between the various classes of BMG BullionFund, BMG Gold BullionFund and BMG Silver BullionFund?
There is no difference between the holdings, investment criteria or objectives of BMG Funds’ classes. The different classes are simply a way of categorizing the different methods of commission or fee structure charged.
Class A is for retail investors, and Class F is for fee-based accounts.
Class E is for accredited investors, and Class G is for international investors.
Class D is through Discount Brokerage platforms for the “do-it-yourself” investors
Do BMG Funds trade with a premium or discount to their Net Asset Value (NAV)?
BMG BullionFund, BMG Gold BullionFund and BMG Silver BullionFund are subscribed and redeemed at a rate equal to the NAV per unit price of the Fund in question. BMG Funds do not trade as closed-end investments do, and hence cannot be bought or sold at a premium or discount. Units are purchased or redeemed at the prevailing NAV, without premium or discount.
What risk ranking are BMG Funds?
BMG BullionFund and BMG Silver BullionFund are suitable for those with a high risk tolerance, whereas the BMG Gold BullionFund is for those with a medium-to-high risk tolerance. The BMG Funds are not intended to be a stand-alone investment, and should not represent more than 20% of an investor’s overall total investment portfolio including any other bullion investments. Due to the fact that bullion typically has a low correlation to other financial assets, including it as part of a portfolio should generally reduce the portfolio’s volatility and may improve portfolio returns over the long term.
How is the Funds' valuation of portfolio assets established for BMG BullionFund, BMG Gold BullionFund and BMG Silver BullionFund?
The value of a class of a Fund (the Net Asset Value (NAV) per unit of a class) is determined in Canadian dollars at the close of business (EST) (the valuation time) on a day when the Toronto Stock Exchange is open for trading (a business day and a valuation date), and is equal to the assets of that class of the Fund minus the liabilities of that class of the Fund divided by the number of units of that class of the Fund that are outstanding. The assets of each class of a Fund will be valued, as applicable, as follows:
- On dates on which the Toronto Stock Exchange and the London Stock Exchange are both open for business, the value of gold bullion shall be equal to its London PM fix price set by the London Bullion Market Association, the value of silver bullion shall be equal to its London Fix price set by the London Bullion Market Association, and the value of platinum bullion shall be equal to its London PM Fix price set by the London Platinum and Palladium Market.
- On dates on which the Toronto Stock Exchange is open for business, but the London Stock Exchange is closed, the net asset value for that day will be calculated using the following closing prices: For gold and silver, the price will be the COMEX closing price for each of gold and silver respectively; for platinum, the price will be the New York Mercantile Exchange (NYMEX) closing price.
There are already several precious metals mutual funds available in Canada. How are BMG Funds different?
BMG BullionFund, BMG Gold BullionFund and Silver BullionFund are open-end mutual fund trusts that invest in bullion itself, not in the shares of mining companies. A greater degree of risk and volatility is involved in the ownership of shares, as opposed to investing in actual bullion. The risk exposure of mining companies compares closely to the risk exposure in any equity investment. Physical bullion cannot be subject to accounting fraud, and is the only asset that is not someone else’s liability and does not represent a mere promise to pay, such as the dollar or a stock certificate, etc.
Also, during the financial crisis of 2008, Canadian mining stock mutual funds lost between 25 percent and 55 percent, whereas BMG BullionFund lost only 4 percent.
From a portfolio diversification point of view, conventional precious metals mutual funds form part of the equity portion of a portfolio. BMG Funds represent a separate asset class that should form the foundation of the cash component of a portfolio.
There are many mutual funds with bullion or precious metals. What makes BMG BullionFund, BMG Gold BullionFund and BMG Silver BullionFund different?
BMG Funds do not compromise the three fundamental attributes of bullion: liquidity, no counterparty risk and independent of management skills. All of our competitor funds compromise at least one of these attributes.
Learn more about the essential attributes of precious metals: Download The Fundamental Attributes of Gold, Silver and Platinum Bullion.
What can I expect as a return?
Returns are based on the future price of gold, silver and platinum for BMG BullionFund, the future price of gold for BMG Gold BullionFund and the future price of silver for the BMG Silver BullionFund, both in Canadian dollars. The value of each BMG Fund, and hence, an investor’s return, varies with the price of the three precious metals in Canadian dollars. The BMG Funds’ prices are negatively correlated to the world’s major currencies. If currencies decline through debasement, we would expect BMG Funds to advance.
Are BMG BullionFund, BMG Gold BullionFund and BMG Silver BullionFund fully invested at all times?
A small portion of assets (no more than 5 percent) may be held in cash to allow each Fund to pay expenses and to facilitate any redemption of units.
Where is BMG Funds' bullion stored?
The Bank of Nova Scotia in Toronto, Ontario, a leading bank and member of the London Bullion Market Association, through its ScotiaMocatta division, is the Custodian of the assets of BMG BullionFund, BMG Gold BullionFund and BMG Silver BullionFund. The Bank of Nova Scotia, as Custodian, holds physical custody of the gold, silver and platinum bullion, on an allocated and insured* basis, on behalf of the Funds’ unitholders. The Bank of Nova Scotia may not appoint a subcustodian for this purpose without the prior consent of BMG Funds.
*”Insured basis” refers to certain insurance covering the storage of the physical bullion with The Bank of Nova Scotia, and does not refer to insurance related to a loss in market value of the underlying holdings. In addition, BMG has insurance on behalf of the Funds to further reduce any risk of certain losses occurring.
What third-party confirmation is there that the bullion actually exists and is owned by BMG Funds?
With each purchase of precious metals, a confirmation trade is sent by ScotiaMocatta, a division of The Bank of Nova Scotia, and a primary bullion dealer. ScotiaMocatta delivers the purchased bullion to BMG BullionFund, BMG Gold BullionFund and/or BMG Silver BullionFund, and it is stored on an allocated and *insured basis in the Custodian’s vault. Confirmation of the exact weight of each bar, the refiner and the bar’s serial number is sent to both the Trustee and the Administrator. At the end of each month, the Custodian provides an updated list of gold, silver and platinum bars that are being held on behalf of each Fund. The list contains a full description, including the exact bar weight to three decimal places, the refiner and the serial number. To view the bullion holdings lists for BMG BullionFund and to view the bullion holdings for BMG Gold BullionFund.
In addition, as part of the annual audit, the Funds auditor, BDO, physically counts the bars held on behalf of BMG Funds in the Custodian’s vault facilities, and confirms the bullion holdings in the annual financial statements.
*”Insured basis” refers to certain insurance covering the storage of the physical bullion with the BMG Funds’ Custodian, and does not refer to insurance related to a loss in market value of the underlying holdings.
Isn't it cheaper to purchase physical bullion and store it in my safe at home, or in a safety deposit box?
With a Management Expense Ratio (MER) to consider, you might think it would be cheaper to purchase bullion and store it at home or in a safety deposit box, but there are several factors to consider.
First, while it is certainly possible to purchase bullion from chartered banks or online bullion companies, these companies charge a premium on bullion, and it can be substantial. Premiums of 4 percent for gold, 15 percent for silver and 8 percent for platinum are typical, and they can be higher during shortages. Selling bullion back to these companies will also result in a price that is discounted from the spot price. Over the three metals, the net premium and discount for buying and then reselling bullion can be as high as 15 percent. Second, the precious metals bullion comprising BMG BullionFund, BMG Gold BullionFund and BMG Silver BullionFund are held in storage and covered by insurance that covers many risks associated with that storage. Storing bullion at home comes with its own risks. There is the cost of a home safe, storage space issues and the risk of the bullion being stolen. Insurance companies do not provide coverage for bullion stored either in a safety deposit box or in a home safe. Even with an MER of just over 3 percent, it is less expensive to hold bullion in BMG Funds.
If you were to forgo the insurance and hold bullion at home, the premiums and discounts you have to pay makes holding physical bullion unattractive compared to BMG Funds, which purchase physical precious metals at close to spot price.
Are BMG Funds fees competitive?
The overall costs of buying and holding units of BMG BullionFund, BMG Gold BullionFund and BMG Silver BullionFund are competitive when compared with most equity funds, even though the costs associated with hard assets are not comparable to those for paper assets. The expenses incurred by BMG Funds exceed the costs of mutual funds that hold stocks or derivatives of physical bullion. BMG Funds are an extremely cost-effective method of owning bullion when compared to purchasing coins or bars from a dealer and arranging and paying for private storage.
What are the risks associated with investing in BMG Funds?
BMG BullionFund holds only allocated gold, silver and platinum bullion, with the limited objective of providing a secure, convenient, low-cost, alternative for investors seeking to hold gold, silver and platinum bullion for capital preservation and long-term appreciation. BMG Gold BullionFund holds only allocated gold bullion and BMG Silver BullionFund only holds allocated silver bullion.
As a result, the following risk factors are associated with investing in the Funds:
Precious Metals Risk
The prices for gold, silver and platinum bullion are affected by a variety of factors, including changing supply and demand relationships and international political and economic events. In addition, governments may intervene from time to time, directly and by regulation, in certain markets such as precious metals. These factors will indirectly affect the prices for gold, silver and platinum bullion.
Direct purchases of gold, silver and platinum bullion may generate higher transaction and custody costs than other types of investments.
Availability of Precious Metals Risk
It is possible that BMG BullionFund may not be able to buy gold, silver or platinum bullion from time to time. In such a situation, BMG BullionFund will continue to purchase those metals that are available, but will not be able to achieve its investment objective of holding equal amounts of all three precious metals until all three metals become available again.
Foreign Currency Risk
Gold, silver and platinum bullion are usually traded in US dollars and, as a result, BMG Funds are vulnerable to foreign currency risk, which is the risk that the value of the Canadian dollar will increase as measured against a foreign currency. For example, a precious metal traded in US dollars will fall in value, in Canadian dollar terms, if the Canadian dollar increases in value relative to the US dollar, even though there is no change to the US dollar value of the precious metal. Conversely, if the Canadian dollar falls in value relative to the US dollar, there is a corresponding gain in the value of the precious metal measured in Canadian dollars attributable solely to the change in the exchange rate. BMG Funds do not intend to hedge their foreign currency exposure.
Non-Hedging Strategy Risk
BMG Funds will not invest in derivatives to protect against decreases in the value of gold, silver or platinum bullion.
BMG BullionFund will hold only gold, silver and platinum bullion, while BMG Gold BullionFund will hold only gold and BMG Silver BullionFund will hold only silver. As a result, investors should allocate only a percentage of their portfolio to BMG Funds in order to maintain an appropriate level of diversification.
Bullion Management Services Inc. is not registered as a portfolio manager, and for this reason BMG Funds have fixed investment policies.
Uninsured Losses Risk
The Bank of Nova Scotia, as Custodian, holds physical custody of the gold, silver and platinum bullion assets of BMG Funds on an allocated and *insured basis. The Custodian is obliged to maintain insurance satisfactory to BMG Funds against all risk except the risk of war, nuclear incident or government confiscation.
*”Insured basis” refers to certain insurance covering the storage of the physical bullion with the BMG Funds’ Custodian, and does not refer to insurance related to a loss in market value of the underlying holdings.
It is anticipated that, for the purpose of computing its income under the Income Tax Act (Canada), each Fund will generally treat gains (or losses) as a result of dispositions of physical gold, silver and platinum bullion, as applicable, as capital gains (or capital losses), although depending on the circumstances, they may instead include (or deduct) the full amount of such gains in computing their income. If any transactions of a Fund are reported by it on capital account but are subsequently determined by the Canada Revenue Agency to be on income account, there may be an increase in the net income of that Fund for tax purposes and the taxable component of redemption proceeds (or any other amounts) distributed to unitholders, with the result that Canadian-resident unitholders could be reassessed by the Canada Revenue Agency to increase their taxable income by the amount of such increase, and non-resident unitholders potentially could be assessed directly by the Canada Revenue Agency for Canadian withholding tax on the amount of net gains on such transactions that were treated by the Canada Revenue Agency as having been distributed to them.
The Canada Revenue Agency can assess a Fund for its failure to withhold tax on distributions made by it to non-resident unitholders who are subject to withholding tax, and typically would do so rather than assessing the non-resident unitholders directly. Accordingly, any such re-determination by the Canada Revenue Agency may result in the Funds being liable for unremitted withholding taxes on prior distributions made to unitholders who were not resident in Canada for the purposes of the Income Tax Act (Canada) at the time of the distribution. As the Funds may not be able to recover such withholding taxes from the non-resident unitholders whose units were redeemed, payment of any such amounts by the Funds would reduce the Net Asset Value of the units of the Funds.
Sometimes BMG Funds don't move in line with precious metals' prices. Can you explain this?
Many factors account for the variable between precious metals prices and the prices of BMG BullionFund, BMG Gold BullionFund and BMG Silver BullionFund The Net Asset Value (NAV) per unit for BMG Funds is set via the London Fix price for gold, silver and platinum each day, based on the closing prices for each metal and the prevailing exchange rate. Any investment funds received before 4:00 pm EST will be allocated the appropriate number of units based on the end-of-day NAV. The price of the metals would have fluctuated throughout the day, and the London Fix may be considerably different from the high, the low or the average price. This occurs with all funds; however, with traditional funds that have numerous investments, it is not apparent.
BMG Funds receive money in both Canadian and US dollars, but always purchase bullion in US dollars, and so incur currency conversion costs. Hedging is something we do not employ due to the added risks and/or costs. Once hedging is employed, the Funds stop being bullion and become dependent on the manager’s hedging skills. Bullion is liquid, incurs no counterparty risks, and does not depend on a manager for performance. Hedging would compromise two of these attributes. To employ a hedging strategy and add risk to an asset that is acting as a hedge against currencies defeats the purpose of investing in bullion. BMG Funds are the purest bullion funds available because they maintain the three fundamental attributes of bullion.
BMG Funds, and indeed all other mutual funds, do not have access to an investors’ deposit to the Trust Account for three days, even though the price of the units purchased was set on the day of investment. Precious metals are purchased when an investor’s funds have cleared and are transferred from the Trust Account. Three days later, the price of the metals and the exchange rate can be higher or lower.
Even on a daily basis, prices fluctuate. The prices paid for the metals during the day can be higher or lower than that day’s London PM fix. There could also be an exchange rate differential, as that too varies throughout the day.
The prices paid for the metals are the ask prices. No one can buy at the spot price, be it the NYMEX close or the London Fix, in the same way that no one can buy at the last closing price in a stock. Based on this, comparing to spot is unrealistic. There is a bid/ask spread. The ask prices for each metal in a rising market are higher than spot, and lower than spot in a falling market. Here again, there is a differential between the NAV per unit that is based on the London Fix each day. This price does not necessarily represent the average price, can be dramatically different from the high or the low for the day and does not correspond to the actual prices paid by BMG Funds.
In addition to the ask price there are transaction costs, including bar charges and insured delivery. BMG Funds do not pay any commissions, nor is there any mark-up over cost.
The full amount of each deposit received is not necessarily used to purchase precious metals. Some cash – no more than 5 percent – is held aside for expenses and to meet small redemption requests. Currently the cash component is approximately 1 percent. The amount of cash is monitored relative to the expenses and redemption requests. Not keeping a minimal percentage in cash would increase overall costs due to selling costs incurred to meet redemption requests. When BMG Funds sell precious metals, they can only receive the bid prices at the time, not yesterday’s spot price.
The above factors are fundamentally similar for all mutual funds, including BMG Funds. As such, it is nearly impossible for the percentage change in BMG Funds’ NAV per unit to be exactly the same as the daily London Fix price for gold, silver and platinum in Canadian dollars. The spot prices are simply a theoretical guideline that cannot correspond to the day-to-day realities, even if you were buying the metals directly outside of either Fund.
Buying the metals directly on a retail basis would cost an average of 7 percent above the ask price, plus bar charges. In addition, charges for delivery, delivery insurance, and storage would be incurred. In effect, BMG Funds provide a tremendous value proposition for investors to own investment-grade bullion in a cost-effective and convenient manner.
Is BMG Funds' bullion secure from any third-party claims?
Yes. As mutual fund trusts, BMG BullionFund, BMG Gold BullionFund and BMG Silver BullionFund are separate legal entities whose assets are separate and distinct from Bullion Management Services Inc., BMG Funds’ Manager and Trustee, and separate and distinct from the assets of The Bank of Nova Scotia, the Custodian for both Funds.
As a result of these arrangements, BMG Funds’ bullion is secure from third-party claims and held solely for the benefit of BMG Funds’ unitholders. BMG Funds’ bullion holdings cannot be co-mingled with holdings of The Bank of Nova Scotia, or holdings of anyone else. BMG Funds’ assets are not subject to seizure by creditors of either The Bank of Nova Scotia or of Bullion Management Services Inc.
Who has control of BMG Funds' cash?
What assurance is there that BMG Funds' cash holdings are not fraudulently misappropriated?
The Administrator of BMG BullionFund, BMG Gold BullionFund and BMG Silver BullionFund is RBC Investor Services Trust (RBC), a division of the Royal Bank of Canada. RBC administers in excess of US$2 trillion on behalf of mutual funds and hedge funds on a global basis. It is responsible for all BMG Funds’ accounting, calculation of the Net Asset Value (NAV), NAV per unit and the unitholders register. In addition, RBC is the sub-custodian/administrator of BMG Funds’ bank account, and is responsible for BMG Funds’ banking, record-keeping, daily valuation and processing of all purchases and redemptions. Only RBC has signing authority on the Funds’ account.
What would happen if the Manager, Trustee or Custodian declared bankruptcy?
In the unlikely event that The Bank of Nova Scotia declared bankruptcy, the assets of BMG BullionFund, BMG Gold BullionFund and BMG Silver BullionFund would not be available to creditors. In that scenario, the Trustee would simply move the assets to another bank’s facilities. If BMG Funds’ manager, Bullion Management Services Inc. (BMS), were to declare bankruptcy, the assets would stay in place at The Bank of Nova Scotia, and would not be subject to seizure by any creditors of BMS. A new Trustee/Manager would be appointed, or BMG Funds could be wound up, and the proceeds distributed to its unitholders.
If for some reason BMG Funds were wound up, their assets would be sold and the proceeds distributed to unitholders after the expenses of BMG Funds were paid. None of the liabilities of BMS could be paid with these proceeds. BMG Funds’ expenses might include trustee fees, accounting costs, storage costs and insurance premiums. Unlike traditional liquidations, precious metals held by BMG Funds would not be sold at a discount, as is the case in most liquidations, because the bullion holdings would still be worth the prevailing spot price, thereby retaining their full value at the time.
What protections are in place to prevent fraud and misappropriations of BMG Funds' assets?
There are stringent procedures in place to prevent fraud and any possible misappropriations of the assets of BMG BullionFund, BMG Gold BullionFund and BMG Silver BullionFund:
Custodian The Bank of Nova Scotia, Toronto, Ontario The Bank of Nova Scotia has physical custody of each Fund’s bullion, and has appointed RBC Investor Services Trust as subcustodian of each Fund’s cash.
Registrar Bullion Management Services Inc., Markham, Ontario The registrar keeps track of the registered owners of units of each class of each Fund in a register of unitholders of that class of that Fund.
Administrator RBC Investor and Treasury Services (RBC ITS), Toronto, Ontario The Administrator provides administration services to BMG Funds.
Auditor BDO Canada LLP, Toronto, Ontario The auditor examines the annual financial statements of BMG Funds, and expresses an opinion thereon. The auditor also does a physical count of the bullion of each Fund on an annual basis.
Independent Review Committee The independent review committee, or IRC, of BMG Funds provides independent oversight and impartial judgment on conflicts of interest involving each respective Fund. Among other matters, the IRC prepares, at least annually, a report of its activities for investors in each Fund that is, or will be, available on our website at bmgbullion.com or upon request by any investor, at no cost, by calling: 905.474.1001 or toll-free at 1.888.474.1001, or e-mailing: email@example.com. The IRC is currently comprised of three members, each of whom is independent of Bullion Management Services Inc., its affiliates and BMG Funds. Additional information about the IRC, including the names of its members, and governance of each Fund, is available in the Annual Information Form of Funds.
In addition, the auditors of BMG Funds may not be changed unless the IRC has approved the change in accordance with National Instrument 81-107 Independent Review Committee for Investment Funds and a written notice describing the change in auditors is sent to unitholders at least 60 days before the effective date of the change.
How do I know that Bullion Management Group secures socially responsible precious metals?
BMG Group Inc., is an associate member of The London Bullion Market Association (LBMA) and only purchases ‘Good Delivery’ bars for its programs, ensuring all precious metals are SRI.
The LBMA Good Delivery List is now widely recognized as representing the de facto standard for the quality of gold and silver bars, in large part thanks to the stringent criteria for assaying standards and bar quality that an applicant must satisfy in order to be listed. The assaying capabilities of refiners on the Good Delivery List are periodically checked under the LBMA’s Proactive Monitoring program.
Investors can read the LBMA “Responsible Gold Guidance” investment guidelines.
What is the ‘LBMA’?
The London Bullion Market Association (LBMA) is the international trade association that represents the market for gold and silver bullion, which is centred in London, England but has a global client base, including the majority of the central banks that hold gold, private sector investors, mining companies, producers, refiners and fabricators. The current membership stands at 149 companies.
What is ‘Responsible Gold Guidance'?
The LBMA has set up a Responsible Gold Guidance for Good Delivery Refiners in order to combat systemic or wide-spread abuses of human rights, to avoid contributing to conflict, to comply with high standards of anti-money laundering, and to combat terrorist financing practices. This Guidance formalizes and consolidates existing high standards of due diligence among all LBMA Good Delivery Refiners.
How is gold superior to currencies or other liquid investments from an environmental, social and governance point of view?
Gold is often touted as a poor investment; advisors and the media alike warn investors to avoid it because they think gold is volatile, or because it doesn’t pay dividends. Treating gold as an investment, however, misses the point. Gold is neither a good investment nor a bad investment; gold is money.
Physical gold bullion or physical paper currencies locked in a vault are not invested; they are simply being stored. Since neither is invested, they don’t earn interest or dividends, but equally they don’t have any counterparty risk. The major difference between gold and currencies kept in a vault, however, is that gold’s purchasing power increases over time, while paper currencies’ purchasing power decreases over time.
Gold cannot be devalued by government deficit spending and the corresponding increase in the currency supply that is needed to keep the exponential curve moving. Gold is not subject to devaluation by inflation; it is negatively correlated to inflation. In fact, most banks, (especially central banks), view gold as a currency. This is evidenced by the fact that most large banks trade gold as a currency, not as a commodity.
Why do we still value precious metals?
Gold is money, not a commodity as many investors and advisors incorrectly view it. Gold trades on the currency desks of the major banks and brokerage houses, not the commodity desks. It is a wealth-preserving asset, not a wealth-accumulating asset. We buy and hold gold bullion to preserve wealth. It is important to note that, while we may speculate in gold stocks, exchange-traded funds, futures and options to increase wealth, it is gold bullion ownership that best serves the purpose of wealth preservation.
What is meant by the term ‘honest money’?
Gold is often referred to as ‘honest money.’ For money to be considered honest it must be a store of value
and it must provide a firm baseline for measuring the price of goods and services. Gold bullion has both those attributes; fiat currency has neither. Honest money retains its worth by virtue of its intrinsic value. Paper currencies, or digits on a computer screen, have no value in and of themselves. They cannot be used for anything else. The over-printing of bank notes backed only by faith dilutes paper currencies’ worth in a way that can never happen with gold. That is why gold and silver are called honest money.
Money must satisfy several functions. It must be: easily transportable; equally divisible; rare; durable; and a store of value. Gold and silver can never become worthless. Paper currencies come and go, but precious metals remain valuable. Gold, silver and platinum are not created from thin air; they are not dependent on a fractional reserve system; they are not dependent on the solvency of an institution; they cannot be obtained easily; and they are the ultimate extinguisher of debt.
Have further questions?
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